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College of Animal Production

Historical Background

The college was established in 2011, after the separation of South Sudan, out of the Faculty of Animal Production (former Upper Nile University) and Department of Animal Production (former CNRES-University of Juba) .

The college offers undergraduate program leading to the award of Bachelor of Science (Honors) degree in Animal Production .

The primary philosophy that guides the training of students is the production of skilled manpower adequately furnished with the comprehensive knowledge in various disciplines of animal production. These training programs are mounted through classroom instruction, laboratory practical and field demonstration in addition to farm practices .

To cope with the motto and philosophy of the University of Bahri, the college emphasizes the significance of scientific research in the related specializations, and this has been gradually initiated and introduced in the college farm and specialized laboratories .

Noteworthy, the College has prepared programs leading to the award of technical diploma and masters’ degree in various areas of animal production.

 Animal Production Research

Publication 2015

2015

A.R Abubakr, A.R Alimon, H. Yaakub, N. Abdullah, M. Ivan. 2015. Effect of Feeding Palm Oil By-Products Based Diets on Muscle Fatty Acid Composition in Goats. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0119756.

Ochi, E. B. , Elbushra, M.E., Fatur, M, Abubakr O. Ismail and Hafiz Abdalla. 2015. Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam) Seeds on the Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens. Journal of Natural Sciences Research. Vol.5, No.8.

Publication 2014

2014

Gibril, S. Yassin, O. E. Hassan, A. A., Elomda, D. (2014).Hatching Traits and Brooding Growth of Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) Poults under Sudan Conditions. University of Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 22 (1), 152-165.

Shamseldin,R. M., Gibril, S., Atta, M. Yassin, O. E. and Hassan, A. A. (2014). Effect of rearing system, slaughter age and sex on turkeys’ (Meleagris gallopavo) carcass components percentages. Research Opinion in Animal and Veterinary Science, 4(4), 198-202.

Hassan A. A., Gibril, S. and Sabahelkhier, M.K. (2014). Effect of different concentration of    acid Whey in Drinking Water on Rabbit Performance, International Journal of Advanced Research, Volume 2, 996-999.

A.R Abubakr, A.R Alimon, H. Yaakub, N. Abdullah, M. Ivan. 2014. Effect of feeding palm oil by-products based diets on total bacteria, cellulolytic bacteria and methanogenic archaea in the rumen of goats. PLOS ONE.9(4): e95713.

Abdel Moniem M.A. El hag, Ali A. hassabo, A. Mohammed and F.M. Mohammed (2014). Determine of Some Macro Minerals Potassium and Phosphors in the Blood Serum of Goats Grazing At El-Khuwei Locality, West Kordofan State, Sudan. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research. 2(4):378-382.

Abu bakr Omer Ismail, Mohammed Fatur, Faisal Awad Ahmed, El Hadi Omer Ahmed and Magda Elmahdi Elbushra Ahmed (2014). Nutritive value and palatability of some range grasses in low rainfall woodland savanna of South Darfur in Sudan. Range Mgmt. & Agroforestry 35 (2): 193-197.

Publication 2013

2013

Hassan, A. H. A., Yassin, O. E. and Gibril, S. (2013). Effect of Feeding Graded Levels of Decorticated Pigeon Pea (Cajanus Cajan) Seeds on Broiler Chicks Performance. Journal of Applied and Industrial Studies,1 (4): 7-10,

Yassin, O. E., Gibril, S., Hassan, A. A. and Bushara A. B. (2013).A study on Turkey       (Meleagris gallopavo) raising in the Sudan. Journal of Applied and Industrial Studies,1 (4): 11-15.

A.R Abubakr, A.R Alimon, H. Yaakub, N. Abdullah, M. Ivan. 2013. Growth performance, nitrogen metabolism, carcass physical and meat chemical composition of goats receiving palm oil by-products. Small Ruminant Research. 112, 91-96.

A.A. Gafar, A.R. Alimon, A.Q. Sazili ,Y.C.Man, A.R, Abubakr.2013. Effect of Varying Levels of Palm Oil Decanter Cake on Feed Intake, Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Kacang Goats. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science.3, 24-29.

 

A.R Abubakr, A.R Alimon, H. Yaakub, N. Abdullah, M. Ivan. 2013. Digestibility, rumen protozoa, and ruminal fermentation in goats receiving dietary palm oil by-products. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. 12, 147-154.

Publication 2012

2012

Atta, W.B. Zeinelabdeen, O.A. El Khidir, A.A. Adam. 2012. Reproductive performance of Sudan Nilotic does fed pelleted molasses and mash sorghum based diets. Small Ruminant Research. 10, 99– 103.

W.B. Zeinelabdeen, M. Atta, O.A. El Khidir, A.A. Adam. 2012. Effect of two different diets on growth from birth to sexual maturity of Nilotic Does. Opinions in research animal & veterinary sciences ISSN 2221-1896.2(1), 1-6.

Publication 2011

2011

Badri, T. M, Atta M, Mohamed T. Ibrahim and Gubartalla, K. A 2011. Genetic and non-genetic factors affecting lactation curve components of a Sudanese Butana dairy herd. Research Opinion in Animal and Veterinary Science Journal. 1(4), 193-197.

Badri, T. M, Atta M, Mohamed T. Ibrahim and Gubartalla, K. A 2011. Genetic and non-genetic factors affecting production potential of Butana dairy cows at Atbara Research Station, Sudan. Research Opinion in Animal and Veterinary Science Journal. 1(7), 429-433.

Publication 2010

2010

Ali, H.A.M. (2010). The use of In vitro gas production technique to evaluate the nutritive value of eight rangeland species commonly consumed by grazing animals in Western Sudan. JONARES, Volume 5, pp 55-64.

Badri, T. M, Atta M, Mohamed T. Ibrahim and Gubartalla, K. A 2010. Crossbred cows. Research Opinion in Animal and Veterinary Science Journal. 2(1), 49-54.

Publication 2007

2007

Fatur. M and Khadiga A. Abdel Ati (2007). Assessment of Nutritive value of three pasture grasses for growing goats, Research journal of animal and veterinary sciences, 2:5-8

Publication 2005

2005

Ahmed, M.M.M. & Ali, H.A. (2005). Use of different nitrogen sources in the fattening of yearling sheep. Small Ruminant Research, 56: 39-45.

Ali, H.A.M. (2011). Nutritional evaluation of some of the rangeland species from Sudan using in vitro gas production technique. Accepted for publication at JONARES (Juba university journal).

Ali, H.A.M., Mayes, R.W., Hector, B.L. & Orskov, E.R. (2005). Assessment of n-alkanes, long-chain fatty alcohols and long-chain fatty acids as diet composition markers: The concentrations of these compounds in rangeland species from Sudan. Animal Feed Science and Technology,121, 3-4: 257-271.

Projects

Effect of intercropping on yield and nutritive value of some leguminous, cereal forage crops and soil fertility in El Kadaru area

In Sudan, feeds represent the most expensive input cost for the livestock producer. Forage legumes such as Kordofana butterfly bean and Phllipesara can be a cheaper feed supplement than commercial concentrates (Njarui and Wandera, 2000) and can easily be grown by the smallholder farmers. However, in order to exploit the potential of these legumes, a better knowledge is needed of how to fit these legumes into existing farming systems.

The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of Intercropping Sorghum bicolor with Clitoria ternatea and Phaseolus trilobus under irrigation on dry matter yield and nutritive value in El Kadaru area-Khartoum North. Investigation will include assessing the nutritive value of sorghum using In vitro and In vivo techniques, measuring the dry matter yield of legumes and cereals and assessing the soil fertility. Fodder sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), Kordofana bean(Clitoriaternatea) and Phllipesara(Phaseolustrilobus) will be planted as pure stands and fodder sorghum will be intercropped with Kordofana bean and Phllipesara in aa randomized complete block design of 4 replications.

The duration of the experiment will be two years (Summer of 2014and Summer of 2015) and the parameters to be studied will include: Plant population, stem diameter, plant height, number of leaves, leaf-to-stem ratio, leaf area, fresh and dry yield, Land Equivalent Ratio, proximate analysis (AOAC, 2000), Neutral detergent fibre (NDF), acid detergent fibre (ADF) and lignin (Van Soestet al. 1991), total K and Ca (Okaleboet al. 2002), In saccoDegradability (Ørskov and McDonald 1979), In-vitrodigestibility (Tilly and Terry 1963) and feed intake. It is expected that the quality and quantity of theses forages as a result of intercropping will be improved which will directly be reflected in the productivity of animals raised in Elkadau area. It is also expected that the soil fertility will be improved as a result of cultivation of these species.

Research Team:

Dr. Mohammed Fatur

Dr. Hafiz Abdalla

Dr. EltahirAbdalla

Mr. Salah Ibrahim

Mr. Abdalhaleem

J. Babour

Mr. Mohammed Abdelkarim.

Productive and reproductive performance and meat quality of desert goat kid crossed with Boer, Kalahair and Damascus

Desert goats are one of the local breeds that have potentiality to produce meat. This project was initiated in collaboration with Ministry of livestock Resources and Fisheries to investigate the possibilities of improving the productive performance and meat quality of Desert goat by means of crossing with different exotic breeds such as Boer, Kalahari and Damascus under intensive system.

Research Team:

Dr. AbdulrahmanMagzoub

Dr. Ismael Fagiri

Dr. Rajaa Mustafa Mohammed

Dr. HythamHago

Dr. AbdelrahimAbubakr

Mr. Adam Mohammed

Ms. Igbal Abu shulokh

 

Units

Animal Nutrition

  Our research focuses on nutrition for animal growth efficiency and health. We research the nutrition and physiology of species including poultry, cattle and sheep and goat. We also investigate the quality and human health attributes of animal products. There is a strong focus on local feed resources and their utilization by different species of farm animals, and we work closely with producer organizations to provide industry research and consultancy services.

Animal nutritional physiology

Our research focuses on the importance of animal nutrition and physiology on the characteristics of animal-derived human foods, including taste, quality, yields, shelf life and sensory attributes.

Bioactive food and feed ingredients

We focus on investigation and evaluation of different feed ingredients to produce enhanced functional animal origin foods.

Feed evaluation

We provide feed evaluation and characterization, with in vitro and in vivo modeling as major research focuses.

Poultry nutrition

We focus on testing and evaluating feedstuffs and feed additives, investigating the impact of feed processing on digestive efficiency, management of gut flora through nutrition and husbandry, and bird welfare. We also investigate the interaction between nutrition, management and heat stress to better understand the best environment for maximum production.

Ruminant nutrition

We focus on testing and evaluating feedstuffs and feed additives, feed budgeting, nutritional and physiological assessment of ruminants for health and wellbeing, assessing rumen microbial modifications for improved feed digestion and utilization, and adapting quality nutritional regimen to produce high quality animal products through nutritional and physiological manipulation.

Meat science

We improve meat production from extensive pastoral-based systems through scientific experimentation and working with industry and farmers.

Genetics

All areas of genetics and breeding, including quantitative and molecular genetics. Projects include feed efficiency and performance of breeding cows.

Reproduction

Improving systems to meat farm animal efficiently and safely. Maintaining a yearly calving interval and examining means of reducing postpartum anoestrous.

Nutrition

Nutrition of meat farm animals in house and in pasture-based systems,

Health

Developing health management approaches for optimal conception, calving and weaning rates.

Behaviour and welfare

Use of physiology and applied behaviour to improve cattle welfare, including pain alleviation and welfare during transport and slaughter.

Growth and meat science

Investigating the growth finished meat farm animals on intensive and pasture-based systems to the desired target carcass weight as quickly as possible, to meet carcass and meat-quality target attributes.

Dairy science

The dairy group consists of animal and dairy production scientists, veterinarians and technicians. We provide expertise across a broad range of dairy system and dairy animal research projects, and operate a commercial Farm

Dairy animal production systems

Lactation physiology and cow feeding/nutrition including the impact of feeding on cow performance. Forage and grazing management including forage production, nutritive value and persistence, and cow performance.

Goat research center

goat Research Centre advances scientific knowledge of goat production, welfare, health and biology. We provide production, veterinary, management and consulting services to farmers, the goat industry, and governmental agencies.

Reproduction

Studies examining all-year-round kidding, managing multiples breeding, and fetal programming aim to increase lifetime reproduction per doe. We have expertise at both fundamental and applied levels.

Nutrition

Improving the nutrition of pregnant and lactating doe can ensure higher kid growth rates and survival to weaning. This is based on extensive and pasture-feeding systems, but we have researched alternative forages such as tropical grasses and legumes grazed and/or fed to pregnant and lactating does and finishing kids.

Genetics and breeding

We study the use of animal breeding and genetics to improve the profitability of goat-production systems. Recent studies have focused on defining breeding objectives, calculating economic values using farm models, examining the contribution of the major histocompatibility complex to disease resistance, and identification of mutations associated with inherited diseases.

Growth and meat

Improving live weight gains in kids to achieve maximum carcass weight while ensuring carcass and meat traits and meat eating quality are not compromised. We are investigating kid live-weight gains, carcass and meat quality on different nutritional regimen.

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