Effect of intercropping on yield and nutritive value of some leguminous, cereal forage crops and soil fertility in El Kadaru area
In Sudan, feeds represent the most expensive input cost for the livestock producer. Forage legumes such as Kordofana butterfly bean and Phllipesara can be a cheaper feed supplement than commercial concentrates (Njarui and Wandera, 2000) and can easily be grown by the smallholder farmers. However, in order to exploit the potential of these legumes, a better knowledge is needed of how to fit these legumes into existing farming systems. The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of Intercropping Sorghum bicolor with Clitoria ternatea and Phaseolus trilobus under irrigation on dry matter yield and nutritive value in El Kadaru area-Khartoum North. Investigation will include assessing the nutritive value of sorghum using In vitro and In vivo techniques, measuring the dry matter yield of legumes and cereals and assessing the soil fertility. Fodder sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), Kordofana bean(Clitoriaternatea) and Phllipesara(Phaseolustrilobus) will be planted as pure stands and fodder sorghum will be intercropped with Kordofana bean and Phllipesara in aa randomized complete block design of 4 replications. The duration of the experiment will be two years (Summer of 2014and Summer of 2015) and the parameters to be studied will include: Plant population, stem diameter, plant height, number of leaves, leaf-to-stem ratio, leaf area, fresh and dry yield, Land Equivalent Ratio, proximate analysis (AOAC, 2000), Neutral detergent fibre (NDF), acid detergent fibre (ADF) and lignin (Van Soestet al. 1991), total K and Ca (Okaleboet al. 2002), In saccoDegradability (Ørskov and McDonald 1979), In-vitrodigestibility (Tilly and Terry 1963) and feed intake. It is expected that the quality and quantity of theses forages as a result of intercropping will be improved which will directly be reflected in the productivity of animals raised in Elkadau area. It is also expected that the soil fertility will be improved as a result of cultivation of these species.
Dr. Mohammed Fatur
Dr. Hafiz Abdalla
Mr. Salah Ibrahim
Mr. Mohammed Abdelkarim.
Productive and reproductive performance and meat quality of desert goat kid crossed with Boer, Kalahair and Damascus
Desert goats are one of the local breeds that have potentiality to produce meat. This project was initiated in collaboration with Ministry of livestock Resources and Fisheries to investigate the possibilities of improving the productive performance and meat quality of Desert goat by means of crossing with different exotic breeds such as Boer, Kalahari and Damascus under intensive system.
Dr. Ismael Fagiri
Dr. Rajaa Mustafa Mohammed
Mr. Adam Mohammed
Ms. Igbal Abu shulokh